Case Histories

Construction Claim in Poland

Total claim: 499,089.25 PLN. Deformation of surface of two maneuvering squares.
After a few months’ use, the surfaces were unstable.

Defects observed:

  • visible surface deformations
  • blocking of doors to the hall, which became impossible to open
  • puddles forming after rain
  • surface cracks
  • damage to storm drains

IES took samples for laboratory testing and examined the following factors:

  • thickness of both layers of the surface
  • extraction of the worn out layer and bonding layer
  • density index of the bonding layer and degree of wear according to Polish norm PN-67/S-04001/08.

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